W.E.B. DuBois, 1868-1963
For many young African Americans in the period from 1910 through the 1930s, Du Bois was the voice of the black community. He attacked Woodrow Wilson when the president allowed his cabinet members to segregate the federal government. He continued to fight against the demand by many whites that black education be primarily industrial and that black students in the South learn to accept white supremacy. Du Bois emphasized the necessity for higher education in order to develop the leadership capacity among the most able 10 percent of black Americans, whom he dubbed “The Talented Tenth.”
Du Bois was a co-founder of the Niagara Movement, which addressed inequality, and the NAACP, which is still active today.
This “mini biography” from Biography.com elucidates several of the remarkable accomplishments from DuBois’ life.